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Plasma Science and Fusion Center

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

 
 

high-energy-density physics

Alex Zylstra

April 15, 2015.

 

Alex Zylstra successfully
defended his PhD thesis.

 

 

“Using fusion-product spectroscopy to study inertial fusion implosions, stopping power, and astrophysical nucleosynthesis at OMEGA and the NIF”

 

 

March, 2015.

 

Alex Zylstra and Hans Rinderknecht were both awarded the prestigious Lawrence Fellowship by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. PSFC director Dennis Whyte remarked, “These awards to Hans and Alex are a testament to the outstanding science education efforts at the multi-departmental PSFC, and to the combined excellence of the HEDP research staff and students, who are producing impactful results on the national stage.”

 

See the NIF & Photon Science News article about Hans and Alex.

See the PSFC article or the MIT News article about the Lawrence Fellowship.

 

Hans Rinderknecht and Alex Zylstra

 

Hans Rinderknecht (left) and Alex Zylstra.

 

 

February 11, 2015.

 

Hans Rinderknecht's poster was awarded "1st Place by a Postdoctoral Scholar" at the NIF & JLF User Group Meeting 2015.

 

“Studies of Ion Thermal Decoupling and Species Separation in OMEGA Implosions: Implications for the NIF”

 

Hans Rinderknecht

 

Carolyn Kurantz and Don Lamb presenting Hans with his award certificate.

 

 

February 2015.

 

NIF-MIT Partnership Mints New PhDs.

 

National Ignition Facility

 

An article in NIF & Photon News highlighted the collaboration between the National Ignition Facility and the HEDP division of the PSFC.

 

 

Hans Rinderknecht

January 16, 2015.

 

Hans Rinderknecht successfully
defended his PhD thesis.

 

“Studies of non-hydrodynamic processes in ICF implosions
at OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility

 

 

December 2014

The December issue of Stockpile Stewardship Quarterly (SSQ), included a prominent message from Dr. Kathleen Alexander, the Assistant Deputy Administrator for Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Defense Programs, highlighting "...the achievements of two students—Mario Manuel [who] won the prestigious Rosenbluth award for his outstanding thesis 'Rayleigh-Taylor-Induced Electromagnetic Fields in Laser-Produced Plasmas' at MIT. This was the first Rosenbluth award in high energy density/inertial confinement fusion physics. Mike Rosenberg defended his thesis supported by the National Ignition Facility (NIF) PhD Thesis Program, which is now the second thesis based on NIF data... The NIF data he used focused on exploding pusher shots of deuterium-helium-3 and deuterium-deuterium filled capsules."

 

Rosenbluth

From SSQ Vol. 4, No. 4 (December 2014)

Dr. Kathleen Alexander with (left to right) Dr. Richard Petrasso, Dr. Mario Manuel, the 2014 recipient of the Marshall Rosenbluth Outstanding Thesis Award, and Dr. Don Cook, Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs.

 

 

 

December 2014

 

Donald Cook, Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs, recognized Research Scientist Maria Gatu Johnson and Principal Research Scientist Johan Frenje with NNSA Defense Programs Awards of Excellence. The awards recognized their significant contribution to the Stockpile Stewardship Program in the area of supporting diagnostics.

 

 

Maria Gatu Johnsonjohan frenje

 

WRF's

Wedge Range Filters

October 2014.

 

The Experimental Highlights section of the October issue of
NIF & Photon Science News
featured an article titled "MIT's Mighty-Mite Detectors Prove Their Mettle". "[an] extremely useful diagnostic for measuring ρR symmetry as the fuel is compressed prior to reaching maximum density is the wedge range filter (WRF) developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology".


"Commonly used on all deuterium and deuterium-helium3-fueled NIF implosions, the WRF proton spectrometers, designed by MIT's Fredrick Seguin, measure the spectrum of proton energy in the range from four million to 20 million electron volts (MeV) using a wedge-shaped aluminum filter placed in front of plastic film called CR39. The WRFs measure the energy downshift of the protons as they leave the implosion to determine the implosion areal density..."

 

 

Maria Gatu Johnsonjohan frenje

October 17, 2014.

 

Research Scientist Maria Gatu Johnson and Principal Research Scientist Johan Frenje were informed that they had been selected as recipients of an FY14 LLNL Director's Science and Technology Award as co-authors of:


"Measurement of the T + T Neutron Spectrum Using the National Ignition Facility"


(PRL 111, 052501 (2013)).

 

 


The notifiation e-mail stated, "The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Director's Science and Technology Awards...acknowledge and celebrate especially significant accomplishments by the Laboratory's scientific, technical, and engineering staff. The awards are presented annually to individuals and teams who have made outstanding recent contributions that are widely acknowledged both internally and outside the Laboratory."

 

 

Mike Rosenberg

September 10, 2014.

 

NIF & Photon Science News reported that, “Mike Rosenberg...who has worked on NIF experiments since they began, recently defended his thesis as part of the NIF PhD thesis program. Rosenberg’s is the second thesis based on NIF data; former MIT student Dan Casey, now an LLNL scientist, completed his PhD in 2012”.

 

 

Richard Petrasso head of the high energy density physics division said, “Outstanding PhD research has continued to occur through the NIF PhD thesis program since its inception, as exemplified by Mike’s work, and Dan Casey’s before him.”

 

 

Mike Rosenberg

July 11, 2014.

 

Mike Rosenberg successfully defended his PhD thesis.

 

Studies of Ion Kinetic Effects in Shock-Driven Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions at OMEGA and the NIF, and Magnetic Reconnection Using Laser-Produced Plasmas at OMEGA

 

June 2014.

 

Recent PhD graduate Mario Manuel was selected as the as the recipient of the 2014 Marshall N. Rosenbluth Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Award by the APS DPP.

 

mario manuel, graduate student

His citation read in part, “The Award was established to recognize exceptional young scientists who have performed original doctoral thesis research of outstanding scientific quality and achievement in the area of plasma physics.”

 

Alex Zylstra

February 19, 2014.

 

HEDP PhD candidate Alex Zylstra presents Outstanding Poster at SSAP

 

Keith LeChien, SSAA Program Manager, awarded Alex Zylstra's poster: Observations of a 5th Shock and Low-Mode Asymmetries in Surrogate Ignition Scale NIF Implosions the Outstanding Poster of the 2014 SSAP Symposium on High Energy Density Physics.

 

October 18, 2013.

HEDP PhD candidate Hong Sio presented a poster at MIT Energy Night.

MIT Energy Night

MIT Energy Night is a celebration of the ingenuity, innovation, and imagination of MIT faculty, researchers, students, and alumni. Energy Night features poster presentations from every energy-affiliated department at MIT as well as early stage startups based on MIT technologies.
More about Energy Night 2013

 

October 6, 2013.

Luncheon hosted by PSFC Director Miklos Porkolab.

Lunch at Bertucci's

Miklos Porkolab joined the HEDP group's celebration of recent promotions and awards.

 

johan frenjeDr. Johan Frenje

 

October, 2013.
Miklos Porkolab, Director of the Plasma Science and Fusion Center, announced the well-deserved promotion of Dr. Johan Frenje to the position of Principal Research Scientist.

"Promotions to these ranks...[are] based on outstanding scholarship, community leadership and contributions to MIT's educational program by way of mentoring students", said Porkolab.

.

September 11, 2013.

International Inertial Fusion Science and Applications Conference (IFSA) in Nara, Japan.

richard petrasso

Richard Petrasso accepts the Teller award at IFSA 2013

Richard Petrasso received the prestigious Edward Teller Medal, which recognizes pioneering research and leadership in the use of laser and ion-particle beams to produce extraordinarily high-temperature and high-density matter for scientific research and for controlled thermonuclear fusion. His citation for the award reads: “for pioneering the use of nuclear diagnostics for understanding inertial confinement fusion implosions and high-energy-density physics.”
More about the Teller award

 

 

Maria Gatu Johnson

Maria Gatu Johnson

 

 

September 1, 2013.

 

Dr. Maria Gatu Johnson was promoted to the position of Research Scientist.

June 28, 2013.

Stewardship Science Academic Programs Annual Review Symposium

NNSA/DOE

Alex Zylstra's poster "Fusion product spectroscopy of inertial fusion implosions for studies of NIF implosions and basic science" was awarded Outstanding Poster of the 2013 SSAP Symposium on High Energy Density Physics by Christopher Deeney, Assistant Deputy Administrator.

 

Maria Gatu Johnson

Maria Gatu Johnson

 

The May 26, 2013 edition of Weekly Highlights reported that the first quantitative measurement of collective fuel velocities in NIF ICF implosions were described in a Physics of Plasmas paper by Dr. Maria Gatu Johnson.

 

Weekly Highlights is a sampling of experimental results and research accomplishments at the NIF and Photon Science Principal Directorate.

Dr. Edward Moses, Principal Associate Director NIF & Photon Science, commented that "The [Gatu Johnson] paper is another good example of the close and productive collaboration between NIF and MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center."

 

Maria Gatu Johnson

Maria Gatu Johnson

 

 

February, 2013. Dr. Maria Gatu Johnson’s poster for the 2013 NIF/JLF User Group Meeting was recognized as the Best Poster by a Postdoc.

 

Novel nuclear science experiments on the NIF and OMEGA relevant to stellar nuclear synthesis”.

 

January 2013.

 

The National Ignition Facility's Photons & Fusion Newsletter describes
how MIT-NIF Team Delivers Key NIF Diagnostics

 

WRF's

 

Twenty new wedge range filter (WRF) precision compact proton spectrometers developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have been delivered to NIF. The WRF is one of three diagnostic devices created at MIT that are designed to measure the spectrum and timing of NIF neutrons and protons.

 

 

mario manuel, graduate student

Mario Manuel

 

January, 2013. Dr. Mario Manuel was awarded an Einstein Postdoctoral Fellowship.

 

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)-sponsored Einstein Fellowship Program provides an opportunity for highly qualified, recent postdoctoral scientists to conduct independent research that is broadly related to the science goals of the NASA Physics of the Cosmos program.

 

Nareg

Nareg Sinenian

 

Nareg Sinenian successfully defended his Ph.D. thesis, December 2012.

 

"Fast-Ion Spectrometry of ICF Implosions and Laser-Foil Experiments at the Omega and MTW Laser Facilities".

mario manuel, graduate student

Mario Manuel

 

December, 2012. Mario Manuel successfully defended his Ph.D thesis.

 

"Rayleigh-Taylor-Induced Electromagnetic Fields in Laser-Produced Plasmas".

johan frenje

Johan Frenje

 

October, 2012. Research Scientist Johan Frenje was selected as a Fellow of the American Physical Society: for pioneering development of unique neutron diagnostic methods and their utilization in inertial confinement fusion research, particularly in assessing implosion performance in fundamental and applied nuclear-science experiments.

Preamplifiers at the NIF
Photo credit: Damien Jemison/LLNL

 

July, 2012. Time Magazine's Techland blog reports on "The Laser Beam 1,000 Times as Powerful as the U.S." Author Matt Peckham includes quotes from Dr. Richard Petrasso, senior research scientist and division head of high energy density physics, made in an article on the NIF website.

 

June, 2012. The Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering in NSE:Spotlight reports that "[Dan] Casey’s foundational work will enable the nation to move closer to fusion energy — an endlessly renewable, sun-like power."

 

May, 2012. Measuring Hohlraum-produced Fast Ions in the National Ignition Facility's Photons & Fusion Newsletter reports that the first measurements of fast ions produced in indirect-drive hohlraum experiments and their relationship to hot electrons were described by MIT and LLNL researchers based on experiments at the OMEGA laser facility at the University of Rochester.

 

 

March 16, 2012. The Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering hosted its third annual Doctoral Research Expo featuring signature oral presentations given by an outstanding student chosen from each of the three main areas of research within the department. Featured Presentation: Mario Manuel (Fusion) Using Fusion to Study Fusion.
Alex Zylstra

Alex Zylstra

February 2012. Alex Zylstra's poster for the 2012 NIF User Group Meeting was recognized as The First Place Distinguished Poster.

 

"Charged-particle spectroscopy for diagnosing NIF implosions and for conducting basic science"
view as .pdf  view as .pptx

Hong Sio

Hong Sio

2012. Hong Sio was awarded a National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Stewardship Science Graduate Fellowship (SSGF). The program provides excellent financial benefits and professional development opportunities to students pursuing a Ph.D. in fields of study that solve complex science and engineering problems critical to stewardship science.

Read more about the fellowship program.

December 2011.

An article in the NIF Photon and Fusion Newsletter reported that "[The] Plasma Science and Fusion Center, has played a key role in developing, testing, and calibrating diagnostic equipment for NIF. Among the diagnostics tested and calibrated by the center's Ph.D. students and staff members are three devices designed to measure the spectrum and timing of neutrons and protons.

 

MRS

MRS detector array

Daniel Casey

Dan Casey

Dan Casey successfully defended his Ph.D. thesis, December 2011.

"Diagnosing Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions at OMEGA and the NIF Using Novel Neutron Spectrometry"

NIF TCC

NIF Laser Bay 2

September 2011. Three National Ignition Facility and Photon Science Awards were received for “outstanding contributions in designing and implementing diagnostics that have been essential to the progress of the National Ignition Campaign.” The awards were for advanced neutron spectrometer (Dr. Johan Frenje), particle time-of-flight detector (student Hans Rinderknecht), and proton spectrometer (student Alex Zylstra).
Alex Zylstra

Alex Zylstra

2009. Alex Zylstra was awarded a National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Stewardship Science Graduate Fellowship (SSGF). The program provides excellent financial benefits and professional development opportunities to students pursuing a Ph.D. in fields of study that solve complex science and engineering problems critical to stewardship science.

Read more about the fellowship program.

NIF TCC

MRS windows

Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer mentioned in the Laboratory for Laser Energetics "Around the Lab", April 2009.

Click here to read the article

NIF TCC

NIF Target Chamber

Richard Petrasso quoted on Discovery News, July 2008.

"Giant Laser in the Works to Achieve Fusion"

Petrasso congratulates Li

Richard Petrasso congratulates Chikang Li on his selection as an APS fellow.

Chikang Li selected as a Fellow of the American Physical Society, October 2006
 
 

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