Senior Research Scientist
Brian has been a leader in the area of experimental plasma boundary and divertor physics in magnetic fusion devices since joining that nascent field as a graduate student in 1978. Boundary plasma physics plays a critical role in the performance of magnetic fusion devices setting the power and particle flux densities to first wall surfaces, determining impurity levels in the plasma core, imposing boundary conditions for plasma flow and rotation, and participating in the formation of edge transport barriers, all of which ultimately determine the level of plasma energy confinement.
The scientific feasibility of energy production from plasma fusion will soon be demonstrated in ITER, yielding 10 times more power out than in. Yet, much more research is needed to identify robust solutions to power exhaust and plasma-material interaction challenges for electricity-producing fusion reactors. Ultimately, the success of these devices will come from assembling the knowledge base, developing the first-principles understanding and demonstrating the means to control boundary plasma phenomena.
"High priority divertor and PMI research on the pathway to FNSF/DEMO."
"Priorities" white paper submitted to the FESAC Strategic Planning Subpanel, June 2014
"ADX: a high field, high power density advanced divertor tokamak experiment.
Mission: Develop and demonstrate plasma exhaust and PMI physics solutions that scale to long pulse at FNSF/DEMO divertor parameters."
"Initiatives" white paper submitted to the FESAC Strategic Planning Subpanel, June 2014
"A nationally organized, advanced divertor tokamak test facility is needed to demonstrate plasma exhaust and PMI solutions for FNSF/DEMO."
Abstract for an oral presentation to the FESAC Strategic Planning Subpanel, June 2014
Oral presentation to the FESAC Strategic Planning Subpanel, June 5, 2014
"A Strategy for Resolving the Problems of Plasma-Material Interaction for FNSF - by R. Goldston."
Abstract by R. Goldston for an oral presentation to the FESAC Strategic Planning Subpanel, July 2014
Oral presentation by R. Goldston to the FESAC Strategic Planning Subpanel, July 9, 2014
"ADX: A concept for a high-power density, advanced divertor tokamak test experiment"
PPPL Seminar, May12, 2014
"Heat and particle exhaust in tokamak reactors: challenges and potential solutions"
PSFC Seminar, Dec. 20, 2013
APS 2013, Denver, CO: "Critical need for MFE: the Alcator DX high power divertor test facility"
Presentation to DoE at Alcator C-Mod Quarterly Revew, March 7, 2013
Alcator_DX: Oral Presentation
White Paper submitted to FESAC subcommittee on future facilities, Feb. 14, 2013
Alcator_DX: High Power Density Advanced Divertor Test Facility
APS 2013, Denver, CO: "X-point target divertor concept and the Alcator DX high power divertor test facility"
Presentation at MIT PSFC, Feb. 4, 2013
X-point Target Divertor Concept
APS 2013, Denver, CO: "New insights on boundary plasma turbulence and the Quasi-Coherent Mode in Alcator C-Mod using a Mirror Langmuir Probe"
The QCM is unambiguously identified as an electron drift-wave with significant interchange drive and EM contributions.
Comparison of ion temperature measurements in the boundary of the Alcator C-Mod tokamak and implications for ion fluid heat flux limiters.
D Brunner et al Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 55 095010 (2013).
Transport and drift-driven plasma flow components in the Alcator C-Mod boundary plasma
N. Smick, Nuclear Fusion 53 (2013) 023001
Divertor ‘death-ray’ explained: An artifact of a Langmuir probe operating at negative bias in a high-recycling divertor
D. Brunner, J. Nucl. Mater. 2013
APS 2012, Providence, RI: "Mirror Langmuir Probe measurements of fluctuation-induced heat and particle transport in the Alcator C-Mod boundary plasma
APS 2011, Salt Lake City, UT: "Shoelace' Antenna System for Direct Excitation of C-Mod's Quasi-Coherent Mode (QCM) and Boundary Layer Turbulence"
APS 2010, Chicago, IL - Scaling of the power exhaust channel in Alcator C-Mod
Invited Paper, Phys. Plasmas 18 (2011) 056104
Joint Research Target - Heat flux 'footprints' in the boundary plasmas of Alcator C-Mod, DIII-D and NSTX
FY2010 Annual Performance Target Final Report
Boundary Layer Heat Transport Experiments in Alcator C-Mod in Support of the FY2010 US DoE Joint Research Target
PSFC Internal Report
APS 2008, Dallas, TX - Relationship between Edge Gradients and Plasma Flows in Alcator C-Mod
TTF 2008, Boulder, CO - Scrape-off layer flows, toroidal rotation and critical gradient phenomena in the tokamak edge
Plenary Invited Talk
APS 2007, Orlando, FL - Critical gradients and plasma flows in the edge of Alcator C-Mod
Invited Paper, Phys. Plasmas 15 (2008) 056106.
APS 2006, Philadelphia, PA - Critical edge gradients and flows with reversed magnetic field in Alcator C-Mod
Edge and Pedestal Physics ITPA Group Meeting at MIT, April 10-12, 2006 - Plasma flows and critical gradient phenomena near the last-closed flux surface
APS 2005, Denver, CO - Operational Phase Space of the Edge Plasma in Alcator C-Mod
Evidence for electromagnetic fluid drift turbulence controlling the edge plasma state in the Alcator C-Mod tokamak
Nuclear Fusion 45 (2005) 1658
EPS 2005, Tarragona, Spain - Transport-driven scrape-off layer flows and the role of the x-point
Sherwood 2005, Stateline, Nevada - Scrape-off layer flows, magnetic topology, and the boundary conditions imposed at the separatrix in a tokamak plasma
APS 2004, Savannah, GA - Transport-driven scrape-off layer flows and the x-point dependence of the L-H power threshold in Alcator C-Mod
Invited Paper, Phys. Plasmas 12 (2005) 056111
PSI 2004, Portland, ME - Poloidal Transport Asymmetries, Edge Plasma Flows and Toroidal Rotation in Alcator C-Mod
PSI 2004, Portland, ME - Plasma Profiles and Flows in the High-Field Side Scrape-off Layer in Alcator C-Mod
Transport-Driven Scrape-off Layer Flows and the Boundary Conditions Imposed at the Magnetic Separatrix in a Tokamak Plasma
Nucl. Fusion 44 (2004) 1047 (http://www.psfc.mit.edu/library/04ja/04JA017/04JA017_abs.html)
Scrape-off layer flows, magnetic topology and influence on the L-H threshold in a tokamak
Submitted to PRL January 21, 2004, rejected by PRL June 2, 2004 (http://www.psfc.mit.edu/library/04ja/04JA016/04JA016_abs.html)
ITERPhysics Basis Contribution - Cross-field Particle Transportin the Edge Plasma of Tokamak Experiments and Implications for ITER Operation
APS 2003, Albuquerque, NM - Evidence for Electromagnetic Fluid Drift Turbulence Controlling the Edge Plasma State in Alcator C-Mod
APS 2003, Albuquerque, NM - Plasma Profiles and Flows in the High-Field Scrape-off Layer in Alcator C-Mod
In-Situ Gas Conductance and Flow Measurements Through Alcator C-Mod Divertor Structures With and Without Plasma Present
IAEA2002, Lyon, France - Density Limit and Cross-Field Edge Transport Scaling in Alcator C-Mod
Talk - short version
Talk - full version
Paper (also see: http://www.iaea.org/programmes/ripc/physics/fec2002/html/fec2002.htm)
Analysis of fluctuation-driven particle fluxes measured by probes
Paper - Physics of Plasmas 9 (2002)
APS 2001, Long Beach, CA - Phenomenology and Scaling of Cross-Field Plasma Transport in the Alcator C-Mod Edge Plasma
IAEATechnical Committee Meeting on DIVERTOR CONCEPTS September 11-14,2001, Aix-en-Provence, France: - Cross-field Plasma Transport inthe Scrape-off Layer: A key physics issue for SOL, divertor and coreplasma
Plasma Fluctuations in the 'Far SOL'
Paper - Physics of Plasmas 8 (2001) 3702
Workshop on Plasma Turbulence and Transport in Edge/SOL Regions 14-15 May, 2001, Fairbanks, Alaska - Particle Transport in the Alcator C-ModScrape-off Layer
APS 2000, Quebec City, Canada - Particle transport in the scrape-off layer and relationship to discharge density limit in Alcator C-Mod
Paper - Physics of Plasmas 8 (2001) 2107
APS 1999, Seattle, WA - Cross-Field Particle Transport through the Separatrix and Scrape-off Layer in Alcator C-Mod
Initial Results of the Alcator C-Mod Quasi-Coherent Mode Antenna
T. Golfinopolous, APS2012 Poster.
A 'Shoelace' Antenna System for Direct Excitation of C-Mod's Quasi-Coherent Mode (QCM) and Boundary Layer Turbulence
B. LaBombard, APS2011 Poster.
A "Mirror Langmuir Probe" is Being Developed -- A Powerful New Technique to Measure Boundary n, Te, Phi Profiles and Turbulence
APS2012 Contributed Oral.
Mirror Langmuir probe: A technique for real-time measurement of magnetized plasma conditions using a single Langmuir electrode
Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78 (2007) 073501.
Construction and operation of a Mirror Langmuir Probe Diagnostic for the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak
L. Lyons Master's Thesis, 2007.
Space charge limits of ion sensitive probes.
D Brunner et al Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 55 125004 (2013)
Scanning retarding field analyzer for plasma profile measurements in the boundary of the Alcator C-Mod tokamak
D. Brunner, et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84 , 033502 (2013).
Scanning ion sensitive probe for plasma profile measurements in the boundary of the Alcator C-Mod tokamak
D. Brunner, et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84 , 053507 (2013).
Development of Probes for Assessment of Ion Heat Transport and Sheath Heat Flux in the Boundary of the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak.
D. Brunner, Doctoral Thesis, 2013.
Verification of Plasma-Sheath Heat Transfer Physics using Surface Thermocouple Diagnostic
Surface thermocouples for measurement of pulsed heat flux in the divertor of the Alcator C-Mod tokamak
D. Brunner and B. LaBombard, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83 (2012) 033501
Edge Plasma Ion Mass Spectroscopy
Omegatron Ion Mass Spectrometer - Review of Scientific Instruments 71 (2000) 4107:
Helium-3 Transport Experiments with Omegatron - Physics of Plasmas 7 (2000) 4573:
Impurity Dispersal 'Plume' Experiments
Impurity Plume Experiments: physics and detailed modeling - Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 46 (2004) 1617.
Impurity Dispersal 'Plumes' - Journal of Nuclear Materials 290-2939 (2001) 598
Novel Tracer Gas Injecting Probe System - Journal of Nuclear Materials 266-269 (1999) 571
Design, installation and commissioning of the upper divertor cryopump system in Alcator C-Mod
APS 2007, Orlando, FL - Design and operation of a novel cryopumping system in Alcator C-Mod
PSFC Research Report: PSFC/RR-01-9 (KN1D.pro)
PSFC Research Report: PSFC/RR-00-9 (Kinetic_Neutrals.pro)
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Last Revised: 11/7/2013